The new Munich Airport was opened in 1992. In the same year, the outdated and much too small Munich-Riem Airport closed for good. The new Munich Airport is located far from the city center – about 30 km north of Munich near the city of Freising. An entire village had to make way for the new Munich Airport in the 1980s, and the 500 inhabitants of Franzheim were resettled despite protests. Munich Airport is considered the second largest airport in Germany after Frankfurt. It is among the 50 largest airports in the world.
In the first 10 years alone, passenger numbers doubled and the new, modern airport quickly became too small. In 2003, another terminal was therefore opened, Terminal 2. Further expansions are planned, in particular a third runway is currently being planned. Construction should start in 2013, but is currently on hold due to a referendum.
Munich Airport is officially called „Franz Josef Strauß Airport“. However, this name is not used too often, since it is the only airport in Munich and therefore „Munich Airport“ is sufficient as a name. Sometimes one reads the abbreviation FJS-Airport or FJS-Airport. All in all, the airport consumes 16 km² of space so far, more than 30,000 people have a permanent job here. 39 million passengers were handled at Munich Airport in 2013, the capacity limit is expected to be 50 million. This could be reached in about 10 years if the economy develops favorably, which is why the operator wants the third runway.
Official abbreviations: Munich Airport’s IATA code is: „MUC“, the less frequently used ICAO code is „EDDM“.
Getting to Munich Airport by S-Bahn: After the opening in 1992, the transport connections of the new Munich Airport were poor. Jokes like: „The only airport that can only be reached from the air“ made the rounds. There are now two S-Bahn lines to Munich Airport. Both go to Munich city centre and stop in the city centre at the main stations such as Hauptbahnhof, Ostbahnhof, Marienplatz and Stachus. Both of the latter stops are directly underneath Munich’s central pedestrian zone. The two S-Bahn lines (S1 and S8) run every 20 minutes, so there is a train from the airport to the city every 10 minutes during the day. The S-Bahn trains take about 40-50 minutes to the city centre. The trip costs about 10 euros one way. One should consider carefully if one should not take a day ticket for the whole of Munich. This is only a little more expensive, for two persons, the partner day ticket is even cheaper than 2 single tickets for a single trip. One needs a ticket for the whole network (exterior and interior). The Bayern-Ticket is valid on the Munich S-Bahn, also on the airport train.
Further rail connections of Munich Airport: Right from the start, plans were made to connect the new airport to the rail network. A long-distance train station was to be built at the airport. However, the station was never built. Then for years the construction of a very expensive, ultra-modern Transrapid line to Munich Airport was planned. From the Transrapid to the airport, however, only the famous confused speech of Edmund Stoiber is left. In the end, the construction of the Transrapid failed mainly because of the costs. An express train (fast S-Bahn without stops) between the city center and Munich Airport has also been in planning for years. Whether this will ever be built is still in the stars. So the S-Bahn is still the only rail-bound possibility to reach the Franz-Josef-Strauss-Airport. The long S-Bahn ride of about 45 minutes is a nuisance for many.
Getting to Munich Airport by bus: There are express buses from the airport to the city centre. These cost about as much as the S-Bahn and take about as long. Whether you take the bus or the train is a matter of taste, I prefer the train. During rush hours, the buses are often stuck in traffic jams. There is also a public bus (Stadtbus der Stadtwerke München) to Freising. It stops at various points around the airport, takes about 20 minutes and connects the airport with Freising three times an hour. The journey is not uninteresting – you drive through the whole airport and get an overall impression of the gigantic airport. There are also several buses per day from Munich Airport to Ingolstadt and Landshut. Due to the nationwide liberalization of long-distance buses, there are several new lines.
How to get to Munich Airport by car: The airport is located at the motorway A92 Munich-Landshut-Deggendorf. Those coming from Salzburg-Rosenheim or Stuttgart-Augsburg, for example, take the motorway ring around Munich. The airport is well signposted in and around Munich. Drivers coming from Nuremberg to Munich Airport change to the motorway at the motorway junction near Eching (about 15 km before Munich) in the direction of Deggendorf / Flughafen.
Parking at Munich Airport: Parking at the airport is expensive, especially for long-term parkers. There are double-digit numbers of parking garages and the like. Tip: It is cheaper to park for a week or more at some farmers in the area. They bring their parking guests to the airport and pick them up again.
Taxi Munich Airport: At Munich Airport there are enough taxis waiting for passengers 24 hours a day. However, a trip to the city centre of Munich is hardly faster than with the S-Bahn, but costs many times more.
Gastronomy at Munich Airport: At such a large airport there are naturally hundreds of gastronomic establishments – from snack bars to luxury restaurants. Even the big chains like Mc Donalds are represented. There is even a brewery with a beer garden (Airbräu) at Munich Airport with reasonable beverage prices.
List of airlines flying to Munich (excerpt) and some destinations of these airlines: Adria Airways (from and to Croatia, Kosovo), Aegan Airlines (Greece like Athens, Thessaloniki, Rhodes) Aer Lingus (Dublin), Aeroflot (Moscow), Air Berlin (almost all airports in Germany and many destinations abroad, also intercontinental), Air Canada (Toronto), Air China (Beijing), Air France (Paris), Alitalia (Rome), All Nippon Air (Tokyo), Austrian Airlines (Vienna), British Airways (London Heathrow), Condor (holiday destinations around the Mediterranean such as Spain, Greece, Canary Islands, etc. also Red Sea in Egypt), Continental Airlines, Croatia Airlines (Zagreb, Split), Cyprus Airways (Cyprus), Delta (Atlanta), Easyjet (several destinations in England and Scotland), Emirates (UAE: Dubai), Finnair (Helsinki), Germanwings (mainly domestic), Iberia (Madrid), Icelandair (Reykjavik), KLM (Amsterdam), Lufthansa (more than 100 destinations, almost all German airports and many European metropolises and capitals, also many intercontinental flights directly from Munich and the USA, Asia), Norwegian (Oslo, Stockholm), Oman Air (Muscat), Qatar Airways (Doha), Singapore Airlines (Singapore), South African Airways (Johannesburg), Spanair (Barcelona), Swiss (Zurich), Thai Airways (Bangkok), Tunisair (Tunis, Djerba), Turkish Airlines (Istanbul). The list is several years old.
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Since the distance in Munich Airport is sometimes very long, there are treadmills (roughly horizontal escalators) to get around faster.